Peripheral retinal degeneration may develop in patients of all ages, including children.
The main danger of peripheral dystrophies and retinal detachment is in the absence of any symptoms (manifestations) in the initial stages.With the progression of degenerative changes in eye lesions retina gradually become thinner, there are often formed traction (tension) between the change in vitreous and retina, who, acting for a long time to retina, forming a gap through which the liquid portion of the vitreous body comes under the retina, and lifting, detaches it. Patients reported in this black thread to the eye, as well as the light flashes.
According to statistics from the peripheral retinal degeneration develop in: short-sighted people (IIOP) – 30 -40% of cases, suffering from farsightedness (hyperopia) – 6 -8%, people with normal vision – in the 2-5%.
Causes of peripheral retinal degeneration set of: predisposition, hereditary, any degree of myopia, inflammatory diseases of the eye, injury, and other eye diseases. The main reasons also include common diseases: hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, intoxication, infections, other chronic and acute diseases of the body, etc.
Often patients come to an ophthalmologist when retinal detachment has already reached the central parts of a typical complaint of a feeling of “curtains” in front of the eye. At this stage of the disease can only help a serious surgical procedure that does not always lead to full restoration of functions of an eye.